How Do Generators Work?


Power Systems GeneratorsGenerators are amazing machines that provide electrical power often during a power outage or in areas that may not have a steady supply of electricity. Generators help prevent gaps in daily activities and help avoid any business disruptions. Generators come in different physical and electrical configurations depending on how a generator will be used. You can check out some more information about generators right here.

How Does it Work?

An electric generator is a machine that transforms all of the mechanical energy it obtained from an outside source into electrical energy. It is important to know that know that it does not create electrical energy, only converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. It takes the mechanical energy supplied to it to force the eclectic charges to move in the wire through an outside electric circuit. The flow of the electric charges starts the output that was given from the generator.

Generator Exploded ViewThe generator is made up of nine parts that work together. Some of its main components include the engine, the source of the mechanical energy that is inputted. The engine size of your generators is proportional to the maximum amount of power output that the generator can supply. Generators can operate on different kinds of fluids. These fluids include diesel, gasoline, propane and natural gas. Most of the time, small engines run on diesel while large engines run on propane, natural gas, and diesel. There are special generators that can operate on a dual feed of diesel and gas.

The alternator or the “genhead” produces the electrical output. It is made up of moving parts and stationary parts. These parts work together to cause movement between the magnetic and electric fields. These movements generate electricity.

On average, the fuel tank has enough room to keep a generator going for 6-8 hours on average. While smaller units, may have their fuel tank attached to the frame or skid base, commercial generators might have an external fuel tank. Fuel tanks have the following features such as the
Pipe Connection

  • A pipe for ventilation – prevent build-up pressure while the tank refills or drain.
  • The pipe that connects the fuel tank to the engine – supplies fuel directly to the engine.
  • An overflow connection from the fuel tank to the drain pipe – prevent fuel from spilling while the tank refills.
  • Fuel pump – this transports the fuel from the storage tank to the day tank.
  • A fuel filter or a fuel water separator – separates the outside elements and water to prevent contamination and corrosion.
  • Fuel injector  – sprays the right amount of fuel into the combustion chamber.

Lubricating Systems for Electric GeneratorsTo ensure engine durability, the generator needs a lubrication system. The electric generator has moving parts within the generator and without the proper lubrication system, the machine will not move smoothly. The best way to care for your lubrication system, you must check the oil pump and lubrication level every 8 hours of using your generator. It is also good practice to change for leakages and change the oil every 500 hours of generator use.

Since the generator is an intricate and important machine for many businesses and areas, it is a good idea to purchase your machine from the best companies. One company that provides excellent generators and commercial generators is Ring Power Systems. They are the leading supplier of new generators, pre-owned generators as well as other equipment as well.

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